Adherence to appropriate nutrition in acute alcoholic hepatitis is low

Judy A. Trieu, Mohammad Bilal, Briana Lewis, Eric Gou, Lindsay Sonstein, Sreeram Parupudi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Malnutrition is a common cause of impeding recovery in patients with acute alcoholic hepatitis (AAH). Previous reports have shown that appropriate nutritional supplementation reduce short and long-term mortality in patients with AAH. Despite these clear recommendations, the element of nutrition in AAH is often neglected. We designed a quality improvement project to evaluate and improve compliance with appropriate nutrition in patients presenting with AAH at our institution. Patients admitted with AAH between December 2015 to December 2016 were included. Our primary outcome was compliance with appropriate nutrition. Secondary outcomes included nutrition consultation and hepatology consultation. A total of fifty-four patients were included. Nine of the 53 patients (17%) received high calorie and high protein diets. Hepatology was consulted in 72% (38/53) of the patients, and 21% (8/38) of these patients received appropriate nutrition as compared to only 8.3% (1/12) in whom hepatology was not consulted. Nutrition was consulted in 55% (29/53) of these patients and 67% (19/28) of those patients received appropriate nutrition. In conclusion, our compliance of appropriate nutrition in AAH is low. Our initial investigation suggests that hepatology and nutrition consultation improved compliance with appropriate nutrition. The next step will be to implement protocolized care for appropriate nutrition in AAH by incorporating consultation of hepatology and nutrition services, assess the effect on adherence to appropriate nutrition, and determine the impact on patient outcomes.

LanguageEnglish (US)
Pages752-755
Number of pages4
JournalAnnals of Hepatology
Volume17
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2018

Fingerprint

Alcoholic Hepatitis
Gastroenterology
Referral and Consultation
Quality Improvement
Malnutrition
Compliance

Keywords

  • Acute alcoholic hepatitis
  • Nutrition
  • Quality improvement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology

Cite this

Adherence to appropriate nutrition in acute alcoholic hepatitis is low. / Trieu, Judy A.; Bilal, Mohammad; Lewis, Briana; Gou, Eric; Sonstein, Lindsay; Parupudi, Sreeram.

In: Annals of Hepatology, Vol. 17, No. 5, 01.09.2018, p. 752-755.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Trieu, Judy A. ; Bilal, Mohammad ; Lewis, Briana ; Gou, Eric ; Sonstein, Lindsay ; Parupudi, Sreeram. / Adherence to appropriate nutrition in acute alcoholic hepatitis is low. In: Annals of Hepatology. 2018 ; Vol. 17, No. 5. pp. 752-755.
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